Hallucinogens are a class of powerful, mood, and mind-altering drugs. There are many different types of hallucinogenic drugs, though they all significantly alter a person’s perception of their surroundings.
What Are the Most Common Hallucinogens?
Psilocybin (magic mushrooms): magic mushrooms are some of the most commonly abused hallucinogenic drugs in the United States. This drug is typically ingested orally or eaten. Individuals who take magic mushrooms will most commonly experience visual hallucinations, and they may also experience auditory and sensory hallucinations when the drug is taken in very large doses. While psilocybin can be abused, its potential for abuse is relatively low and people very rarely develop addictive disorders where this chemical substance is concerned.
LSD: this specific chemical substance is one of the most mood and mind-altering hallucinogens available. It is derived from lysergic acid, which is a potent chemical found in a fungus that occurs naturally on some grains. LSD is typically taken in liquid form, or blotted onto a small piece of paper and ingested orally. The hallucinations associated with LSD are very intense and can cause a host of issues like extreme paranoia and dissociation.
Mescaline (peyote): mescaline is a naturally occurring hallucinogenic drug, one that is derived from the peyote cactus and the San Pedro cactus. This drug has effects similar to the effects of psilocybin and causes mild to moderate hallucinations. Some refer to peyote as “the sacred medicine,” and utilize it in shamanistic rituals. While this is a psychoactive drug and while it can be extremely dangerous to ingest, some will take it for its medicinal properties.
PCP: this is a dissociative hallucinogenic drug, meaning that it can cause individuals to have out of body experiences that can lead to the serious injury of self or of others. PCP has a wide range of serious and troubling side effects, even though it was originally developed in the 1950s as a medical analgesic. Out of all hallucinogenic drugs, PCP is often considered the most addictive.
Salvia: This is another naturally occurring hallucinogenic drug. Salvia is derived from a c=plant that is most common to New Mexico and used medicinally and recreationally. Salvia can be ingested in several different ways, from chewing on the leaves of the plant to smoking the dried salvia leaves. This drug is also a dissociative substance, meaning it is highly dangerous to use recreationally.
Ketamine: this is an extremely potent anesthetic used for surgical procedures – mostly for large animals. This is why Ketamine is also now known as “horse tranquilizer.” Ketamine is mostly ingested as a powder or in pill form, but it can be found in liquid form as well. When used in its liquid form, it is frequently put into alcoholic beverages at bars by sexual predators, making it well-known as a “date rape” drug as well.
DMT: this hallucinogenic drug can either occur naturally or be created synthetically in a lab. DMT causes significant visual hallucinations, and many describe its effects as similar to having a short-lived but highly intense dream (or nightmare).
All of these drugs will cause a wide variety of different side effects when abused, however, some of the effects of hallucinogen abuse remain similar.
Effects of Hallucinogen Abuse
There are many effects – both long-term and short-term – of hallucinogen abuse. One of the most serious effects of long-term abuse is psychosis. Because most hallucinogens are psychotropic drugs they can cause serious and irreparable brain damage over time. If you or someone you love has been abusing any of the above-listed drugs, seeking professional help is necessary. At Garden State Treatment Center, we treat hallucinogen abuse and addiction – for more information on our program of comprehensive drug addiction, give us a call today.