What Schedule Drug is Xanax?

Drugs have been around since the beginning of time. Whether they’re needed for pain, illness or anxiety; there is a drug for just about everything. in the early year’s nobody knew what consequences if any, the drugs had. There had to be some trial and error; hence using cocaine in Coca-Cola and opium being able to be purchased over the counter for headaches. One doctor’s started understanding the physical and psychological effects these drugs had on people and that they could become addictive, there was a need to control the substances.

The US has been trying to safely and effectively control drug use since the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906. The act was changed numerous times over the six decades that followed, but the greatest change took effect in the early 1970s with the CSA. This is when President Nixon signed the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) that gave the DEA and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the power to determine which substances are fit for medical use.

What Schedule Drug is Xanax?

What are the Different Schedule Levels?

Medications controlled by the CSA are divided into five categories called “schedules”. Each schedule tries to divide drugs in order of their potential for abuse, medical value, and safety standards. Schedule I drugs are seen as the most serious and Schedules II through V include drugs in decreasing order of potential for abuse and addiction.

Schedule I

The drugs that are considered the most dangerous by the DEA are known as Schedule I substances. These are drugs with no current medical use, by analysis according to the DEA and FDA. These substances also carry a high potential for abuse and addiction.

Schedule I drugs include:

  • Heroin
  • LSD
  • Marijuana
  • Ecstasy
  • Quaaludes
  • Bath salts

Schedule II

These drugs also have a high potential for abuse and addiction, but they are also currently accepted to have medical use in the U.S. It’s noted in the CSA that abuse of these drugs may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Schedule II drugs include:

  • Methadone
  • Demerol
  • OxyContin
  • Fentanyl
  • Morphine
  • Codeine

Schedule III

Substances with a low to moderate potential for physical and psychological dependence are classified under Schedule III by the DEA. When misused, these drugs can still lead to abuse or addiction. You can purchase these drugs at a pharmacy with a prescription, but you generally will not find them available over the counter.

Schedule III drugs include:

  • Vicodin
  • Tylenol with codeine
  • Suboxone
  • Ketamine
  • Anabolic steroids

Schedule IV

This is where Xanax and other benzodiazepines fall into the controlled substance classifications. The drugs or substances classified as Schedule IV have a lower potential for abuse and addiction, but the risk does remain. Again, these do have medical uses and many are common treatments for anxiety and similar medical conditions. These also require a prescription and are not available over the counter.

Schedule IV drugs include:

  • Xanax
  • Soma
  • Klonopin
  • Valium
  • Ativan

Schedule V

Finally, the least addictive substances are labeled under Schedule V according to the DEA. Schedule V substances have a very low potential for abuse; however, if the substance is misused to a large degree, physical or psychological dependency could develop.

Schedule V drugs include:

  • Robitussin AC
  • Phenergan with codeine
  • Ezogabine

The Warnings Regarding Xanax (Benzodiazepines)

Xanax (Benzodiazepines) are included in Schedule IV of the CSA. Because of this classification, it would seem to indicate that this class of medications has a relatively low potential for abuse in comparison with many other types of controlled substances. This doesn’t mean that it is in any way less dangerous and addictive. Xanax and other Benzodiazepines do have the potential for physical dependence when used for long periods of time and can be psychologically addictive in some individuals.

Benzodiazepines should be taken only as prescribed by your doctor. If you take more than prescribed or quit suddenly, doing so may cause unwanted withdrawal symptoms or worsen your condition. Xanax withdrawal symptoms can take hold within hours of the last dose, and they can peak in severity within 1-4 days. During withdrawal, people can experience:

  • Headaches
  • Blurred vision
  • Muscle pain
  • Tremors
  • Diarrhea
  • Numb fingers
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Loss of appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Heart palpitations
  • Sweating
  • Anxiety
  • Panic
  • Paranoia
  • Seizures

It has been reported that Xanax is one of the most prescribed drugs in the United States for the management of panic and anxiety disorders. It has also been reported from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) reported that close to 10% of all emergency department visits related to the abuse of pharmaceuticals involved the benzodiazepine, or benzo, alprazolam.

Detox from Xanax should not be done at home due to the dangerous withdrawal symptoms that can occur. We at Garden State Treatment Center understand when you or a family member is struggling with addiction, it is important to get them the right kind of help. Attempting on your own to recover exposes you to a higher risk of experiencing a relapse. With the right professional care, you can come off clean in a gradual, stress-free manner.